Enrico Papini is the Scientific Director of the Regina Apostolorum Hospital in Albano, Rome, and Consultant Endocrinologist in the same Institution. Lecturer of Endocrinology at the Postgraduate Medical School of the Catholic University of Rome. Past President of the Italian Association of Clinical Endocrinologists a Italian Representative at the European Board of Endocrinology (UEMS). EP scientific contributions fall mainly in the following areas: 1. Ultrasound (US) assessment of thyroid gland From the early 1990s, EP proposed this technique as a major diagnostic tool for thyroid nodules and defined the main US risk features for thyroid malignancy. He also provided relevant contributes to the cytological diagnosis and therapy of nodular goiter. 2. Minimally invasive treatments for thyroid lesions and endocrine tumors EP pioneered thyroid interventional procedures and his work has been pivotal in image-guided ethanol and thermal ablation of benign thyroid nodules and in nonsurgical management of thyroid cancer recurrences and thyroid microcarcinomas.