30th Annual Hands-On Relay School (Acct #2113)
Distribution Protection Overview Lecture - Part 1 - Part 2
Mike Diedesch and Kevin Damron, Avista, Spokane, WA
This lecture will review fundamental principles of distribution system protection, including IEEE device designations, fault current calculations, coordination of overcurrent protection, and reclosing schemes.

Transmission Protection Overview Lecture
Steven Chase, Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Pullman, WA
This lecture will review fundamental principles of transmission line protection.  Concepts of distance protection, directional overcurrent, line differential, and pilot protection schemes will be discussed.

Generation Protection Overview Lecture
Rogerio Scharlach, Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Pullman, WA
This lecture will review fundamental principles of generation protection theory and application with a focus on industry standards and best practices.

Jon Daume, BPA Retired
Introduction to CT Basics and Testing - Part 1  -  Part 2
Steve Laslo, Bonneville Power Administration
Introduction to Substation Print Reading
Jeff Marsh, Avista Utilities
Scott Cooper, Manta Test Systems 
Introduction to Troubleshooting
Paul Luther, Puget Sound Energy


Rich Bauer, NERC, Atlanta, GA
The September 8, 2011 Southwest Blackout resulted in over 2.5 million customers without power.  A single switching error initiated this cascading event.  this lecture will cover the chronology of that event and discuss the lessons learned from this widespread outage.
Integration of Wind Resources into the BPA Grid
Dmitry Kosterev, Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR
Wind Power is projected to double over the next few years in the Pacific Northwest if all the planned projects are built.  This is a discussion on the technical problems that BPA and Project Owners have to solve for both present and planned alternative energy generators.
The Hands-On Relay School offers twelve lectures on a wide range of topics relevant to the trade.  Each lecture is one hour long and given a total of three times.  Students can attend up to six lectures of their choosing.
Calculating Voltage and Currents for Dynamic Testing
Jammie Lee, Megger, Dallas, TX
Being able to maintain a constant source impedance while testing distance relays makes it possible for relay technicians to mimic real world conditions experienced by the transmission system.  This lecture will cover how to calculate appropriate test voltages and currents to maintain a constant source impedance seen by the relay.  

CT Safety  Part 1Part 2Part 3Part 4 - Part 5
Steve Laslo, Bonneville Power Administration, Vancouver, WA
Opening an energized current transformer (CT) secondary can result in very hazardous voltages and possible damage tot he CT.  This is a discussion of how a CT can generate high voltages, some video demonstrations of an open CT secondary, and suggested work practices to safely work on current transformer secondaries.

Distance Relays 101
Jon Daume, Retired BPA, Marysville, OH
This lecture looks at the history of distance relays, how they work, the fundamentals of reach, and zones of protection.  Sprinkled with Jon's humor and unique approach to explaining things.

End-to-End Testing
Chris Werstiuk, Manta Test Systems, Mississauga, ON
End-to-end testing is considered the ultimate dynamic test for any protective relay scheme using communications assisted tripping and can seem like a daunting task. This lecture will walk through a process for a typical end-to-end test to demystify the test.

Breaker Failure Protection
Brent Carper, Relay Application Innovation, Pullman, WA
This lecture will review different types of breaker failure protection systems, relays and logic, including general considerations for determining relay pickup and timing settings.

Implementing NERC PRC-005-02 Standard 
Eric Udren, Quanta Technology, Pittsburgh, PA
The NERC Drafting Team has just developed the new PRC-005-2 Protection System Maintenance Standard, with specific requirements for maintenance activities and maximum time intervals.  This lecture will discuss the new requirements and also new options for system maintenance programs.

Phasor Diagrams
Ron Alexander, Bonneville Power Administration, Richland, WA
Phasors are the universal language of system protection technicians and engineers. This lecture emphasizes the need for a basic knowledge of phasor diagrams and their use in understanding the power system. Topics include load flow phasor analysis, fault phasor analysis, and using phasors to determine the phase angle across delta-wye transformer banks.

Substation Commissioning  Part 1Part 2 - Part 3
Greg Butler, Bonneville Power Administration, Vancouver, WA
An overview of typical testing encountered during substation commissioning including test criteria, procedures and techniques, documentation, and safety considerations.  Common  power system components include transformers, power circuit breakers, reactive equipment and protective relays.

Symmetrical Components 1
Stephen Marx, Bonneville Power Admin, Malin, OR
Basic principles of symmetrical components with explanation of phasors, per unit system, and symmetrical component equations using sequence networks.  Suggested prerequisite for Symmetrical Components 2 class.
Symmetrical Components 2
Stephen Marx, Bonneville Power Admin, Malin, OR
Analysis of power system elements with symmetrical components sequence network and network connections for each power system fault types.  Samples of protective relay applications using symmetrical component method.  Highly suggesed to attend Sym. Comp. 1 lecture previously.

Remedial action & Transfer Trip Schemes
Brant Heap, Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ
Remedial Action Schemes, otherwise known as Special Protection Systems (SPS), are becoming more common among utilities.  This presentation will provide an overview of why these schemes are necessary, cover different types of RAS schemes, and discuss design criteria to help understand these sometimes complicated systems

Transformer Protection
Scott Cooper, Manta Test Systems, St. Petersburg, FL
An overview of power transformer protection practices. Emphasis is placed on solutions to the challenges of effective protection including transformation ratio, transformer connection, current transformer connections, zero sequence current elimination, inrush, and over excitation. Analysis of differential relay operation for various types of faults and fault locations is discussed.



Theory Overview
Jim Bougie, ABB Inc

IP Based Data Communication Networks  Part 1 - Part 2
Joe Andres, Bonneville Power Administration
Topics covered are the OSI model, hubs, switches and routers.  the students will trace a packets journey across a local and wide area network.

Phasor Measurement Units
Anurag Srivastava, Washington State University
An introductory lecture of what a Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) is and how they are implemented to gather and synchronize AC information over large areas.

Teleprotection Schemes and Equipment
Mike O'Neal, RFL Electronics
A look at communication aided protection schemes and the equipment that makes it possible.

RS-232 Standard, Modems and PSTN Connectivity  Part 1 - Part 2
Caitlin Martin & Karin Butler, Bonneville Power Administration
This class will cover both the RS-232 standard used in relay communications and modems used on Public Switched Telephone Networks.  In the RS-232 section, students will learn about the standard, handshaking and basic troubleshooting techniques.  Students are encouraged to bring their own RS-232 Breakout box if they have one available.  In the modems section, students will learn about the Hayes command set, initialzation strings,and flow control modern troubleshooting.  There will be a demonstration of telephone connectivity via a line sharing switch and polling controller.

Please note: Includes hands-on exercises requiring students to bring their own laptop PC. 
Synchronous Optical Networks
Aman Mangat, GE Digital Energy
Lecture covers Synchronous Optical NETworking (SONET), how it is used by utilities, and how it differs from asynchronous IP based communications.
IEC 61850 - Please contact Eric Udren at eudren@tuanta-technology.com for this information.
Eric Udren, Quanta Technology
An introduction to the substation automation and control standard IEC 61850.  This standard utilizes Ethernet and IP based communications to facilitate virtual control circuits, event reporting and transmission of digitized AC quantities.